The new educational system uses a duplex curriculum model, thus offering enough room for new effective methods for developing a pupil’s key competences. This article concerns project-based education, especially in science subjects in the second stage of primary school. In the first part, we are introduced to a theoretical and historical analysis of project-based educational concepts. It highlights differences in American pragmatic, Czechoslovak reformist, and contemporary Czech pedagogies. Further, it presents the partial results of a survey which was conducted in the 2008/2009 school year. A sample of 180 primary schools participated in the survey. The main part of the survey was a questionnaire addressed to teachers of physics, chemistry, biology and geography. The most important aim was to establish common characteristics of implemented projects and teachers’ attitudes to project work. The survey is focused only on projects created by teachers or students of a school in question.
The survey concludes that 88% of schools implemented at least one project. Schools prefer short projects that last one week in total, which are implemented in one class only and within the framework of one science subject. Most of them are prepared and organized by one teacher only. The main reason is minimal communication among teachers in school and the difficult organization of the project work.
Full text available only in Czech - Školní projekty ve výuce přírodovědných předmětů
This study analyzes educational courses focused on school coordinators of environmental education that have been organized by the “Pavučina” Association of Centers for Environmental Education in 2006‑2009. The main part of the research uses the methodology of grounded theory. It analyzes the way the alumni interpret the course, factors that influenced their interpretation and application of the course material in their work. A supplementary part contains an expert assessment of course essays and the other written work of the alumni.
The research shows that alumni usually evaluate the benefits of their study for their professional growth and for improving the quality of environmental education in their schools positively. However, according to the expert assessment, they still have a lack of skills needed for designing environmental education programs.
Full text available only in Czech - Specializační studium pro koordinátory environmentální výchovy, vzdělávání a osvěty: interpretace a efektivita z pohledu absolventů
This article deals with the problem of whether we can extract any thinking about God, gods and sacred beings in Heidegger's work, especially in relation to Kierkegaard. It appears that the undercurrent of Heidegger's thinking is the re-awakening of "pious thinking" and reserve. In particular, the article wants to highlight Heidegger's links to mysticism and Kierkegaard's "spring of faith". Through Heidegger's work, we think about whether the question of God can be decided only in the proximity of being and holiness. Our belonging to the earth gives us the possibility to care properly for things.
Full text available only in Czech - Heidegger a Kierkegaard: pojetí boha a posvátného