Some of the pitfalls of evolutionary ontology

Main Article Content

Peter Sabo
Ľudmila Sabová


The authors´ response to Zdenka Petáková’s review of a book written by Prof. Šmajs does not refer to this new book directly. However, it reflects upon the concept of evolutionary ontology, which is also known from the Slovak translation of his book “Endangered Culture“ and “Declaration of Dependence” formulated from it that calls for a “new understanding of the nature- culture relationship”. The fascination  in the  complexity of living systems expressed by Šmajs is shared by the authors, as well as the fact that not much time is left for finding solutions to a range of global challenges. On the other hand, they see some problematic assertions in the concept itself and also the risks associated with them. They make several comments, especially concerning complexity, protection of nature in relation to culture, and the importance of authentic experience and human responsibility, with the aim of stressing the need to formulate a new vision of human relations to nature, and a new ethos with reference to the best of what society has created.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Sabo, P., & Sabová, Ľudmila. (2013). Some of the pitfalls of evolutionary ontology. Envigogika, 8(3).
Reviewed Papers
Author Biographies

Peter Sabo

Environmental DepartmentFaculty of natural sciencesMatej Bel University

Ľudmila Sabová

Občianske združenie Živá planétaBanská Bystrica,


Adami Ch., Ofria Ch. Collier T.C., 2000: Evolution of biological complexity. Proc. of the Nat. Academy of Sciences of the USA, vol. 97, No. 9, s. 4463 – 4468.
A Rocha, 2012: A Rocha´s values. [online]. Vyhľadané 2012-12-15, URL:
Beckerman W. Pasek J., 2010: In Defense of Anthropocentrism. In: Keller D.R., 2010: Environmental ethics: The big questions. Wiley & Blackwell, ISBN 978-1-4051-7638-5, s. 83-88.
Capra, F., 1997. The Web of Life: A new synthesis of Mind and Matter. Hammersmith, London, ISBN 0-00-654751-6, 320 s.
Des Jardins J.R., 2001: Environmental Ethics: An Introduction to Environmental Philosophy, 3rd ed. Wadsworth /Thomson Learning, Belmont CA, ISBN 0-534-51966-0, 277 s.
Diamond J., 2008: Kolaps. Proč společnosti přežívají či zanikají. Academia, Praha, ISBN 978-80-200-1589-1, 752 s.
Frankl V.E., 2011: Hľadanie zmyslu života. Eastone Books, Bratislava, ISBN 978-80-8109-159-9, 131 s.
Goldsmith, E.,1996. The Way: An Ecological World – View. Themis Books, Dartington, Devon,UK, ISBN 0-9527302-3-5, 553 s.
HRW, 2012: Losing Humanity. The Case against Killer Robots, Human Rights Watch. USA, ISBN: 1-56432-964-X, 55 s. [online]. Vyhľadané 2012-12-15, URL:
Jørgensen S. E., Fath B. D., Bastianovi S., Marques J. C., Müller F., Nielsen S. N., Patten B., Tiezzi E. Ulanowicz R. E. 2007: A New Ecology. Systems Perspective. Elsevier, Oxford, ISBN 978-0-444-53160-5, 275 s.
Kay J. J., 2000: Ecosystems As Self-Organizing Holarchic Open Systems: Narratives and the Second Law of Thermodynamics. In: Jorgenses, S.E., Müller, F. (eds): Handbook of Ecosystem Theories and Management. CRC Press –Lewis Publishers, s. 135–160.
Kohák E., 2006: Zelená svatozář. Sociologické nakladatelství, Praha, ISBN 80-85850-86-9, 204 s.
Kováč L., 2003: Ľudské vedomie je produktom evolučnej eskalácie emocionálneho výberu. In: Kelemen J. (ed.) Kognice a umělý život. III. Slezská univerzita, Opava, s. 75-93.
Levin A.A., 1998: Ecosystems and the Biosphere as Complex adaptive Systems. Ecosystems,1: 431-436.
Lovelock J., 1991: GAIA, The Practical Science of Planetary Medicine, Gaia Books Ltd, Somerset, UK, ISBN 1-85675-040-X, 192 s.
Markoš A., 1997: Cultura contra natura. Civilizace jako nebiotický systém biosféry? Vesmír 1997. 76: 623-626.
McNeely J., 1992: Nature and culture. Conservation needs them both. Nature and resources 28/3: 37–43.
McNeely J., 2002: Key Principles and Strategic Actions for Conserving Cultural and Biological Diversity in the Mountains. BioOne 29/1 [online]. cit. 2005-09-25, URL:
Passmore J., 2010: Atitudes to Nature. In: Keller D.R., 2010: Environmental ethics: The big questions. Wiley & Blackwell, ISBN 978-1-4051-7638-5, s. 103-110.
Petáková Z. 2013: Filozof před kterým smekám. Envigogika 2013/1
Pirsig R.M., 1974: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance. Corgi Books, London, 406 s.
Proulx R., 2007: Ecological complexity for unifying ecological theory across scales: A field ecologist’s Perspective. Ecological Complexity 4/3: 85–92.
Rockström J., Steffen W., Noone K., Persson Å, Chapin F. S., Lambin E., Lenton T.M., Scheffer M., Folke C., Schellnhuber Hc.J., Nykvist B., De Wit C.A., Hughes T., Van Der Leeuw S., Rodhe H., Sörlin S., Snyder P. K., Costanza R., Svedin U., Falkenmark M., Karlberg L., Corell R.W., Fabry V.J., Hansen J., Walker B., Liverman D., Richardson K., Crutzen P., Foley J., 2009: Planetary Boundaries: Exploring the Safe Operating Space for Humanity. Ecology and Society 14(2). 32 s., [online]. Vyhľadané 2012-10-10, URL:
Roszak T., 2005: Kde končí pustina Politika a transcendence v postindustriální společnosti. Prostor, Praha, ISBN 80-7260-146-6, 441 s.
Storch D., 1997: Ekologická katastrofa: co víme a co nevíme (Několik poznámek nad knihou „Konflikt přirozené a kulturní evoluce“. Vesmír 1997, 76: 627.
Šmajs J., 2006: Ohrozená kultúra. Od evolučnej ontológie k ekologickej politike. PRO, Banská Bystrica, ISBN 80-89057-12-8, 221 s.
Velmans M., 2012: The evolution of consciusness. In: D. Canter and D. Tunbull (eds.) Biologising the Social Sciences. Special Issue of Contemporary Social Science: Journal of the Academy of Social Sciences (prepublication version). [online]. Vyhľadané 2012-10-10, URL:
Vološčuk I., 2005: Ochrana prírody a krajiny. Fakulta ekológie a environmentalistiky TU vo Zvolene, Zvolen, ISBN 80-228-1511-X, 244 s.
Waltner-Toews D., Kay J., 2005: The Evolution of an Ecosystem Approach: the Diamond Schematic and Adaptive Methodology for Ecosystem Sustainability and Health. Ecology and Society 10(1): 38. [online]. Vyhľadané 2011-09-15, URL:
Würtz P., Anilla A., 2010. Ecological succession as an energy dispersal process. Biosystems. Vol. 100, No 1, p. 70-78.
WWF 2012: The Living Planet Report 2012. WWF International, Gland, 164 s. [online]. Vyhľadané 2012-06-10, URL: