“Landscape and Evolution”? Landscape perception and evolutionary-psychological theories

  • Marco Stella
  • Karel Stibral

Abstract

The article critically evaluates evolutionary-psychological theories of human landscape preference and its aesthetical appreciation. We follow the roots of these thoughts within the EEA concept and their divergent development in separate theoretical trends - habitat theory, prospect-refuge theory and lastly the highly problematic savanna theory. Dealing with the last mentioned, its dubious elements are highlighted. We draw attention to the inadequate connection between human EEA and Pleistocene Africa and the unproblematic determination of human aesthetical preferences as "savanna oriented". Such an attitude is de facto anti-evolutionary and several arguments against it can be given from the field of cultural history. The narrowly defined notions of evolutionary-biological relevance of the preference of savanna-type landscapes are in a strict contrast with other lesser known, yet much more credible and general theory of Kaplan and Kaplan (1989).

References

ANDREWS, M. 1999. Landscape and Western Art. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

APPLETON, J. 1975. The Experience of Landscape. London: Wiley.

BALLING, J. D FALK, J. H. 1982. Development of visual preference for natural environments. Environment and Behavior, roč. 14, no.1, s. 5-28.

BARRETT, L., DUNBAR, R., LYCETT, J. 2007. Evoluční psychologie člověka. Praha: Portál.

BOWLBY, J. 1969-1982. Attachment and Loss (3 sv.). New York: Basic Books.

CATON, H. 2007. Getting our History Right: Six Errors about Darwin and his Influence. Evolutionary Psychology, roč. 5, no.1, s. 53 - 69.

COETERIER, J. F.1996. Dominant attributes in the perception and evaluation of the Dutch landscape. In Landscape and Urban Planning. roč. 34, no. 1, s. 27-44.

ECKHART, V., GRAMMER, K. (eds.) 2003. Evolutionary Aesthetics. Heidelberg: Springer.

EIBL-EIBESFELDT, I. 1984. Die Biologie des menschlichen Verhaltens. München. Piper-Verlag

EHRLICH, P. R., EHRLICH, A. H.1992. The value of biodiversity. Ambio, roč. 21, no. 3, s. 219-226.

INGOLD, T. 2000. The Poverty of Selectionism. Anthropology Today, roč. 16 no. 3, s. 1-2.

IRONS, W. 1998: Adaptively Relevant Environments versus Environment of Evolutionary Adaptedness. Evolutionary Antropology, roč. 6, no. 6, s. 194-204.

KAPLAN, S. 1987. Aesthetics, affect, and cognition: Environmental preference from an evolutionary perspective. Environment and Behaviour, roč. 19, no. 1, s. 3-32.

KAPLAN, R., KAPLAN, S. 1989: The experience of nature: a psychological prespective. New York: Cambridge University Press.

KAPLAN, S.: 1992. In BARKOW, J. H., COSMIDES, L., TOOBY, J. (eds.) The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press, s. 561-600.

KOUCKÁ: 2006. Láska ke krajině. Psychologie dnes, no. 11. Dostupný z WWW: http://www.portal.cz/scripts/detail.php?id=20556.

LORENTZ, I. von. 1935. Naturgefühl. In: PAULY, A., WISSOWA, G. (eds.) Paulys Real-Enzyklopädie der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft. Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler, sloupec 1825-1827.

MacARTHUR, R., WILSON, E. O. 1967. The Theory of Island Biogeography. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

MICHEL, G. F., MOOREOVÁ, C. L. 1999. Psychobiologie. Praha: Portál 1999.

ORIANS, G. H. 1980. Habitat selection: general theory and application to human behavior. In LOCKHARD, J. S. (ed.). 1980. The Evolution of Human Social Behavior. New York: Elsevier, s. 49-66

PANKSEPP, J., PANKSEPP, J. B. 2000. The Seven Sins of Evolutionary Psychology. Evolution and Cognition, roč. 6, no. 2, s.108-131.

ORIANS, G. H., HEERWAGEN, J. H.: Evolved Responses to Landscapes. In BARKOW, J. H., COSMIDES, L., TOOBY, J.(Eds.): The Adapted Mind. New York: Oxford Press 1992

RUSO, B., RENNINGER, L. A., ATZWANGER, K. 2003. Human Habitat Preference: A Generative Territory for Evolutionary Aesthetics Research. In ECKHART, V., GRAMMER, K. (eds.) Evolutionary Aesthetics. Heidelberg: Springer, s. 279-294.

STELLA, M., KLEISNER, K. 2006. Odvrácená strana umweltu aneb o čem se (ne)mluví. In KLIKOVÁ, A., KLEISNER, K. Umwelt. Koncepce žitého světa Jakoba von Uexkülla, Červený Kostelec: Mervart, s. 123-159.

SYMONS, D. 1989. A critique of darwinian antropology. In Ethology and Sociobiology, roč.10, no. 1-3, s.131-144.

SYMONS, D. 1990. Adaptiveness and adaptation. Ethology and Sociobiology, roč. 11, no. 4-5, s. 427-444.

SYMONS, D. 1992. On the use and misuse of Darwinism in the Study of human behavior. In BARKOW, J. H., COSMIDES, L., TOOBY, J. (eds.) The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press, s. 137-162.

SYNECK, E. 1998. Evolutionary Aesthetics: Visual Complexity and the development of human landscape preferences. Vienna: University of Vienna.

SUMMIT, J., SOMMER, R. 1999. Further Studies of Preferred Tree Shapes. Ecology and Behavior. roč. 31, no. 4, s. 550-576.

COSMIDES, L., TOOBY, J. 1987. From evolution to behavior: evolutionary psychology as the missing link. In DUPRÉ, J. The latest on the best: Essays on evolution and optimality. Cambridge: MIT Press, s. 277-306.

UEXKÜLL, J. 1920. Theoretische Biologie. Berlin: Springer.

ULRICH, R. S. 1983. Aesthetic and affective response to natural environment. In ALTMANN, I., WOHLWILL, J. F.(eds.). Behavior and the Natural Environment. New York: Plenum, s. 85-125

ULRICH, R. S. 1986. Human response to vegetation and landscape. Landscape and Urban Planing, roč. 13, no.1, s. 29-44.

Published
30. 09. 2009
How to Cite
Stella, M., & Stibral, K. (2009). “Landscape and Evolution”? Landscape perception and evolutionary-psychological theories. Envigogika, 4(2). https://doi.org/10.14712/18023061.41
Section
Reviewed Papers