Outdoor education in formal education

Jan Činčera, Jakub Holec
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14712/18023061.533


The study summarizes the results of more than 70 studies analyzing the impact of outdoor formal education programs on students’ knowledge, attitudes, skills, beliefs, and behavior. We found a prevailing evidence of the benefits of outdoor programs, in both an absolute sense and relative to indoor lessons. The most significant barrier to extending outdoor formal education programs we identified was the concept of outdoor education as it is perceived by school teachers and administrators. In the study, we call for a “blended” educational approach merging indoor and outdoor educational settings to maximize the impact on students.  


Outdoor education; place-based education; school garden; community projects; field study; residential programs

Full Text:

PDF (Čeština)

Copyright (c) 2016 Jan Činčera, Jakub Holec

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ISSN 1802-3061

Envigogika Journal is indexed also by following servers

ERIH PlusCrossRef

Sherpa-Romeo  esf esf

Envigogika is holder of DOAJ Seal